Never heard of the 10 highest in the world (2) | Iguazu Falls

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Unraveling The Mysteries Of Moving To Costa Rica

Never heard of the 10 highest in the world (2)

Author: Linda

6, the world’s largest drop waterfalls

Angel Falls, also called Qiulunmeilu Falls. In Bolivar State, Venezuela, Guyana plateau, on the Caroni River the tributaries Qiulun River. Falls drop 979 meters, 150 meters wide at the bottom. Falls from flat-topped plateau Austrian Yang Te Puyi Hill in straight sets down, almost does not touch the cliffs. 1935 U.S. explorer Angel found this waterfall, Houanheer plane crashed near the waterfall in his honor, the Venezuelan government to Falls Angel named.

7, the world’s widest waterfall

Iguassu Falls is located on the border of Argentina and Brazil, Iguazu River and the Parana River confluence 23 km upstream of the point. Falls to a horseshoe-shaped, 82 meters high and 4 km wide, is North America Niagara Falls width of four times, but also wider than Victoria Falls in Africa. The edge of a cliff forested rocky islands, and the resulting drop is divided into 275 shares of rapids or diarrhea waterfall, height ranging from 60-82 meters of the Iguazu River. November to March rainy season, the waterfall flows up to 12,750 m3 / s, the average annual flow of 1756 m3 / s. Iguazu river wide river, falling into a narrow gorge from the edge of the Parana plateau to form this waterfall, people describe it as “sea spilled into the abyss”. Splash rising, rising nearly 150 meters of water mist from the waterfall at the bottom of the air, spectacular. 1541 Spanish explorers Baka first discovered the waterfall, now, Argentina and Brazil for the protection where the landscape and wildlife, are set up near the waterfall of the Iguazu National Park.

8, the world’s largest drainage area of ​​the river

Amazon is the world’s largest drainage area of ​​the river plains of the Amazon flows through the Amazon is the world’s largest area of ​​plains. Amazon is the world’s largest flow, the most extensive river drainage area. Its length after the Nile (6400 km), the second largest river in the world. It is estimated that the flow of water in the Earth’s surface is about 20-25% in the Amazon. Estuary 240 km wide, the flood of traffic up to 180,000 cubic meters per second, 10 times that of the Mississippi River. Spilled water is so large, pale sea within 160 km from the shore. Known tributaries over 1000, seven of which more than 1600 kilometers in length. Amazon deposited fertile silt that nourished areas of 65,000 square kilometers, it has a drainage area of ​​approximately 7.05 million square kilometers, almost twice that of any other river basins in the world. Known as the Amazon tropical rainforest grows in the Amazon basin. Here is also the area in the world’s largest plain (area of ​​5.6 million square kilometers). Forthright, plain, low-lying at an altitude of 150 meters, and thus here the river winding meandering, many lakes. Rainy, humid and sustained high temperatures is its remarkable climate characteristics. Bears the world’s most diverse biological resources in a variety of biological up to millions.

9, the world’s largest coral reef

Coral Sea is located in the southwest Pacific waters east of Australia and New Guinea, west of New Caledonia and New Hebrides Island, south of the Solomon Islands. About 2250 km from north to south, 2410 km from east to west, covering an area of ​​4.791 million square kilometers. The seabed north of south latitude 20o to the Coral Sea submarine plateau, the plateau north of the Coral Sea basin. South Solomon trench deep, 7316 m, the New Hebrides trench depth of 7662 m. Named Coral Sea due to a large number of coral reefs, which is the most famous Great Barrier Reef. Great Barrier Reef extends along the northeastern coast of Australia, nearly 2,000 km long, with a total area of ​​210,000 square km, is the largest coral reef in the world.

10, the world’s highest water temperature on the sea

The Red Sea is located in northeast Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, long and narrow shape, from the northwest to the southeast to more than 1900 km long, maximum width of 306 km, an area of ​​450,000 square kilometers. The northern end of the Red Sea divided * into two coves, the West Gulf of Suez, and connected with the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal runs through the Suez isthmus; east of the Gulf of Aqaba. By seafloor spreading and plate tectonics theory, the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden is the prototype of the ocean. According to the research, the Red Sea indeed the bottom of the ocean of the-Si-Mg rock seabed axis horizontal dislocation of the long cracks like a mid-ocean ridge and fracture zone connection. The African continent and the Arabian Peninsula began to separate Miocene 20 million years ago, is still a speed of 1 cm per year continues to expand. Red Sea, the two sides steep rise steeply, shore coast of coral reefs, less natural harbor. Across the Red Sea an average depth of 558 m, maximum depth of 2514 m. Red Sea to the east and west sides tropical desert Jiazhi, perennial sultry air filled with dust, bright day less. Less rainfall, evaporation is high, the water temperature and salinity of the waters in the world. August, the average surface water temperature is 27-32 degrees Celsius.

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